7 Types of Phishing Nightmares You Never Want to Experience

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What is phishing attacks

What is Phishing Exactly? 

Phishing is a fraudulent practice in which an attacker, who pretends to be a trustworthy source or entity, sends an email or message to extract sensitive data or to install malware on the victim’s machine. 

Phishing can occur through phone calls, text messages, or social media, but it is most commonly associated with email-based attacks. Phishing emails can easily reach millions of users, blending in with the regular emails that individuals receive.

These attacks can harm businesses by installing software such as ransomware, stealing intellectual property or money, and causing systems to stop working. 

Businesses of any size can become a target of phishing, either in a mass campaign to steal passwords or in a targeted attack that seeks to steal private data.

 

Latest Updates About Phishing Attacks

Cybersecurity experts are warning that phishing attacks are getting more and more sophisticated, and the concern is driven by increasingly sophisticated attacks; the move from email to alternative attack vectors, such as social media and messaging.

As phishing becomes more profitable, hackers are making their scams even more sophisticated and harder to detect.

According to recent news, Telegram has become a popular platform for creators of phishing bots and kits to market their products to a wider audience or to recruit unpaid helpers. 

The trend of using Telegram to automate phishing activities and provide various services has been described in a recent advisory by cybersecurity experts at Kaspersky.

Cloud-based services to host and deliver phishing content is also identified as a growing trend.

As many attacks are more sophisticated, harder to detect and easier for criminals to create and deploy at scale, phishing attacks can cause losses to the tune of $17,700 per minute.

Moreover, cybercriminals increasingly use legitimate services like Google Forms and private Telegram bots to gather stolen data. Telegram fraudsters offer paid phishing pages and data, as well as phishing-as-a-service (PhaaS) subscriptions that include access to phishing tools, guides for beginners, and technical support. 

 

7 Types of Attack Techniques & Phishing Scam

phishing hacker in mask

1. Deceptive Phishing

There are several types of phishing scams. The most common one is deceptive phishing, in which an email that looks like it came from a trustworthy source, such as a bank, social media site, or online store, is sent to the user asking them to click on a link and enter personal information.

The messages in these emails often come across as pressing or scary, such as a notice of a security breach or a request to update account information. 

2. Spear Phishing

Another type of phishing is spear phishing, which is aimed at specific people or groups and uses personal information or context to make the message appear genuine. 

3. Whaling Phishing

Whaling is like spear phishing, but it targets high-level leaders or those with access to sensitive information by pretending to be the CEO or CFO. 

4. Pharming

Pharming involves sending the victim’s internet information to a fake website that appears genuine, like a bank or shopping site, and the target ends up providing their login information or personal data on the false site, which the attacker can use to obtain information. 

5. Smishing 

Smishing uses SMS or text messages to trick the user into clicking on a link or giving out personal information. These messages typically look like they came from a legitimate source, such as a bank or government body, and may have urgent requests or warnings. 

6. Vishing

Vishing involves using voice or phone calls to trick the victim into giving personal information by pretending to be someone trustworthy or an organization. 

Spoofing technology is often used by attackers to make the call appear as though it came from a real number. 

7. Clone Phishing

Finally, clone phishing involves sending the victim an exact copy of a legitimate email along with a malicious file or link.

 

How to Protect Against Phishing Attacks

Phishing scams have become a common way for cybercriminals to make a quick profit. Scammers use a variety of techniques to try and trick people into giving away their personal information, such as passwords, bank account details, and credit card numbers.

Here are some ways to avoid falling victim to scams:

1. Install Anti-Phishing Software

Anti-phishing software can help protect you from phishing attacks by identifying and blocking suspicious websites and emails. Make sure you have anti-phishing software installed on all your devices.

2. Use Multi-Factor Authentication

Multi-factor authentication adds an extra layer of security to your accounts. Instead of just a password, you’ll need to enter a second form of identification, such as a fingerprint or a code sent to your phone.

3. Teach Your Staff How to Spot Hacking Attempts

It’s not just your own accounts you need to worry about – your employees could also be targeted by scammers. Make sure they know how to spot phishing emails and other types of scams, and encourage them to report anything suspicious.

4. Use Spam Filters

Spam filters can help prevent unwanted emails from reaching your inbox. Make sure you have a good spam filter in place, and consider setting up rules to automatically delete or move suspicious emails.

5. Verify the Identity of the Sender

If you receive an email or a message from someone you don’t know, be cautious. Don’t click on any links or download any attachments until you’ve verified the sender’s identity.

6. Keep Your Software Up to Date

Cybercriminals are always looking for vulnerabilities in software to exploit. Make sure you keep your software up to date with the latest security patches to minimize the risk of being targeted.

7. Use Strong Passwords

Strong passwords are essential to protecting your accounts. Use a mix of uppercase and lowercase letters, numbers, and special characters, and avoid using the same password for multiple accounts.

8. Enable Email Authentication

Email authentication can help prevent scammers from using your email address to send spam or phishing emails to other people. Make sure you enable email authentication for your own emails, and encourage other organizations to do the same.

 

Conclusion

Phishing attacks can be dangerous and costly, but there are steps you can take to protect yourself and your business. 

By staying informed about different types of phishing scams, using anti-phishing software and spam filters, enabling email authentication, and teaching your staff how to spot and respond to phishing attempts, you can reduce your risk of falling victim to these attacks. 

Always stay cautious and vigilant when dealing with emails, links, and messages, and report any suspicious activity to your IT department or cybersecurity provider.

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