Information systems security is one of the critical challenges facing businesses globally, and businesses need to ensure there is the right kind of systems and security practices in place to address the ransomware attack security issues.
Among the distinct kind of cybersecurity attacks, ransomware attacks are more prevalent. It is estimated that globally businesses lose millions of dollars to ransomware attacks, and more often sensitive and confidential data is compromised in the process.
Therefore, focusing on the developments of ransomware attacks, the following are some of the best practices resourceful for the prevention and defeat of ransomware attacks.
Best Practices on How to Prevent & Defeat Ransomware Attacks
- Network and Gateway Securities
- Web Application Security
- Integrated Systems of Security
- Securing the Endpoint Devices
- Data Backup Solutions
- Zero Trust Implementation
- Training the User-Base
Network and Gateway Securities
Vulnerable networks and unsecured systems are more often prone to ransomware attacks.
More often, the ransomware attackers aim at random systems, and in some cases, the targets are more specific to a business or a server infrastructure.
Among the more popular vectors for ransomware attacks, email is a predominant one, and the gateway for emails must be highly secured.
There are many new-age security solutions available in the domain, to monitor and secure email applications.
Advanced multilayer protection features with such security systems provide screening of emails for any suspicious files or virus infusions before it reaches the network or email servers.
Likewise, even in the case of the systems environment, there are many robust solutions available for effective screening of intrusions and malware detection systems, which can prevent suspicious files from landing in the information systems environment.
Web Application Security
Among the more common solutions facing ransomware attacks are web applications. In web applications having good traffic, if the systems are not secured, the vulnerability is high.
Once the ransomware attack happens, it is very challenging to eliminate ransomware. Using new-age solutions like the WAF (Web Application Firewall) systems for the process can help in filtering and monitoring the HTTP traffic for screening purposes.
In defending against significant levels of ransomware attacks, the WAF can work as a sound first-line defender.
Additionally, to improve the multilayer security solution, it is important for the APIs (application programming interfaces) to be secured, which is possible using the WAF.
If the right kind of WAF is chosen, ransomware data recovery needs little attention.
Integrated Systems of Security
More often, in securing large-scale data systems, the admin teams rely on multiple sets of security systems.
Applications used for security purposes and any kind of response team solutions available must be used in coordination.
For instance, global nations have local-centric initiatives for cyber security purposes, and in any vulnerable scenarios, keeping such initiative bodies in the loop about the ransomware attacks can help in mitigating the risk of ransomware for others.
Also, it can help the business get assistance towards recovery from ransomware attacks.
Intimation of any ransomware attacks to Computer Emergency Response Teams (CERTs) and Cyber Threat Alliance bodies can help in curtailing the hacker efforts on other businesses falling prey to ransomware attacks.
Securing the Endpoint Devices
In addition to the servers for information systems, the node points from where the systems are accessed must be secure.
The conventional set of antivirus solutions has limitations to detect advanced ransomware attacks.
The modus operandi of attacks keeps evolving, and businesses must ensure there is an appropriate range of solutions update, and upgrade to counter any kind of ransomware attacks.
More often, when the end-users do not practice adequate security practices, the systems turn challenging and it is essential that the businesses focus on improving the holistic process, and work on security features.
Some modern-age EDR (endpoint discovery and response) solutions need to be integral to the security features considered in the business system.
When the user end systems are secured using the next-generation EDR applications, it helps in real-time detection of threats, analysis, security for endpoints, and securing the post-infection kind of actions like ransomware removal and ransomware data recovery.
Data Backup Solutions
One of the inherent strengths of ransomware attacks is how they block authorized users from accessing the data.
Businesses in vulnerability to access data tend to pay ransom to relieve ransomware attacks. More often this is the result of inappropriate data backup in the systems.
It is paramount that the system’s data be secured using effective protection means like multiple backup solutions etc.
In general, following a methodical approach of the 3-2-1 backup model for server data backup can help the users in negotiating or strong actions against any kind of security breach in the form of ransomware attacks.
The major threat from ransomware hackers is the unavailability of data, which is dealt with well if there is proper ransomware data recovery planning.
Zero Trust Implementation
The zero-trust security model is about presuming that every connection request takes place as a potential threat and omnipresent factor, and irrespective of inside or outside the network, the identity and authentication must be highly systematic.
It is essential to ensure that every security detail of the application system and its infrastructure is designed flawlessly.
Also, it must be periodically audited for any lapse or upgrades as essential to prevent ransomware attacks or other such attacks from emerging.
Some significant security features are multi-factor authentication, network access control models, and identification of the devices or account login from unusual locations as anomalies.
By practicing such solutions prevention of ransomware attacks is quite possible and controlling the issues of ransomware problems at every stakeholder level is a reality.
Training the User-Base
The other important factor for the business is to focus on training the user base for the systems about good practices of user-level security and enterprise security needs.
More often the ransomware attacks are resulting from the systems that are vulnerable or gain unauthorized access to the systems. If the userbase can be provided necessary awareness of ransomware attacks, it can help in mitigating the risks.
Engage with the industry experts Exabytes Malaysia to know more about the challenges of ransomware attacks and deploying security services to prevent ransomware attacks on your business systems.