Google Sheets vs. Microsoft Excel: How to Choose Office Excel in 2024?


Google Sheets vs. Microsoft Office Excel

It’s 2024, and managing and organizing data is still more essential than ever. When it comes to spreadsheet software, two giants dominate the market: Google Sheets and Microsoft Office Excel.

In this article, we’ll explore the key differences and features of Google Sheets and Microsoft Excel to help you decide which one suits your needs in 2024.

Understanding the strengths of each platform, along with tips on converting Excel files to Google Sheets, will empower you to make an informed choice for your data management tasks.

Microsoft Excel

Microsoft Excel

Microsoft Excel is a computer program used for organizing and analyzing data. It’s like a digital workbook where you can create tables and perform calculations.

It’s helpful for tasks like managing finances, creating budgets, or tracking inventory. You can input numbers, text, or formulas into cells and create graphs to visualize data.

Let’s examine the main pros and cons of using Excel.


  • Excel offers advanced features and functionalities.
  • It provides ample storage space for your data.
  • Execution speed is fast, ensuring efficient performance.
  • It includes multiple options for visualizing data.


  • Troubleshooting issues in Excel can be challenging.
  • Collaboration becomes difficult when working with different Excel versions.
  • Sheets created in Excel can only be accessed on your own computer.

Google Sheets

Google Sheets

Google Sheets is an online spreadsheet program that helps you organize and analyze data. You can create tables, perform calculations, and create charts to visualize your data. It’s a handy tool for tasks like budgeting, tracking expenses, or managing project data.

Plus, it’s accessible from any device with an internet connection, making collaboration and sharing easy.

Let’s explore the pros and cons of Google Sheets.


  • Google Sheets is free to use and user-friendly.
  • It is designed primarily for collaboration among users.
  • Google Sheets incorporates a built-in revision history and real-time chat feature.


  • Larger documents and increased data can lead to longer loading times.
  • Google Sheets has limited options for visualizing data.
  • Customization and formula capabilities are somewhat restricted.

Differences between Google Sheets vs. Excel

When it comes to the comparison between Google Sheets and Microsoft Office Excel, there are differences in various aspects. Let’s explore them:

Aspects Google Sheets Excel
Price Free for personal use Requires Office 365 subscription
Additional features for business use with Google Workspace
Cloud vs. non-cloud Web-based application in the cloud Accessed through a web browser
Collaboration Preferred for collaboration Online version lacks full functionality
Data processing Speed and performance affected by internet connectivity Handles 17 million cells
Storage limit of 5 million cells
Features Relatively basic Wide range of features, specialized functions,
greater customization options, built-in formulas
Integration Integrates with Google web applications like Google Drive Seamlessly integrates with other Microsoft applications
(e.g., Power BI)
Support Help articles and interactive community forum Community help forum and dedicated Excel learning hub
  • Price: Google Sheets is free for personal use, whereas Excel requires an Office 365 subscription. For additional features in Google Sheets for business use, a Google Workspace subscription is needed.
  • Cloud vs. non-cloud: Google Sheets operates as a web application in the cloud, while Microsoft 365 is accessed through a web browser.
  • Collaboration: Google Sheets is preferred for collaboration since it is fully web-based. Excel has an online version, but it lacks full functionality.
  • Data processing: The speed and performance of Google Sheets may be influenced by internet connectivity and storage limits. Excel can handle 1 million rows, while Google Sheets has a limit of 40,000 new rows at a time.
  • Features: Google Sheets offers the essential features of a spreadsheet application, but they are relatively basic. Excel provides a wider range of features, specialized functions, greater customization options, and built-in formulas.
  • Integration: Excel seamlessly integrates with other Microsoft applications like Power BI. Google Sheets integrates with Google web applications like Google Drive, but its presence in enterprise settings is less widespread.
  • Support: Both Sheets and Excel have robust support communities. Google provides help articles and an interactive community forum for Sheets, while Microsoft offers a community help forum and a dedicated Excel learning hub.

These differences highlight various aspects to consider when choosing between Google Sheets and Excel for your spreadsheet needs.

Similarities between Google Sheets vs. Excel

Google Sheets and Microsoft Excel share several similarities despite their differences. Let us explore these similarities:  

Similarities Google Sheets Excel
Spreadsheet Function Powerful spreadsheet application Powerful spreadsheet application
Data Manipulation Sorting, filtering, formatting Sorting, filtering, formatting
Formulas and Functions Mathematical, statistical, logical functions Mathematical, statistical, logical functions
Customization Modify fonts, colors, cell formatting, conditional formatting Modify fonts, colors, cell formatting, conditional formatting
Collaboration Real-time collaboration and editing Real-time collaboration and editing
Data Import/Export Import/export from various file formats Import/export from various file formats
Add-ons/Extensions Integration of additional tools Integration of additional tools
  • Spreadsheet Function: Both Google Sheets and Microsoft Excel serve as powerful spreadsheet applications. They allow users to organize data in rows and columns, perform calculations, create charts, and analyze information efficiently.
  • Data Manipulation: Both applications enable users to manipulate and transform data according to their needs. Functions such as sorting, filtering, and formatting are available in both Google Sheets and Excel, allowing users to manage and present data effectively.
  • Formulas and Functions: Both Google Sheets and Excel offer a range of formulas and functions to perform complex calculations and automate tasks. Users can utilize mathematical, statistical, and logical functions to derive meaningful insights from their data.
  • Customization: Both applications provide customization options to tailor the appearance and layout of spreadsheets. Users can modify fonts, colors, cell formatting, and apply conditional formatting rules to highlight specific data patterns or conditions.
  • Collaboration: While Google Sheets excels in collaboration due to its web-based nature, Excel has also introduced collaboration features in recent versions. Both applications allow multiple users to work simultaneously on a spreadsheet, facilitating real-time collaboration and editing.
  • Data Import and Export: Users can import data from various file formats, such as CSV or Excel files, into both Google Sheets and Excel. Similarly, they can export data to different formats for sharing or analysis purposes.
  • Add-ons and Extensions: Both Google Sheets and Excel support the integration of add-ons or extensions that expand their functionality. These additional tools offer specialized features, data visualization options, and automation capabilities to enhance the user experience.

Can Google Sheets Replace Microsoft Excel? 

data excel and chart graph

Google Spreadsheet, being a free online tool, has gained considerable popularity and has become a viable alternative to Microsoft Excel. However, whether it will completely replace Excel depends on various factors.

First, the cost advantage of Google Spreadsheet is undeniable. As a free service, it eliminates the need for users to purchase a costly Excel license, making it accessible to a broader user base.

This affordability makes it an attractive option, especially for individuals, students, and small businesses with limited budgets.

Another key advantage of Google Spreadsheet is its collaborative nature. It allows multiple users to work on a document simultaneously, making it easier for teams to collaborate and share information in real-time.

This feature sets it apart from Excel, which traditionally required file sharing and version control, causing potential delays and confusion. In an increasingly interconnected and collaborative world, this aspect of Google Spreadsheet is highly valued.

Additionally, Google Spreadsheet’s cloud-based platform offers seamless integration with other Google services, such as Google Docs and Google Drive. This allows users to easily combine data from different sources and leverage additional tools for data analysis, document creation, and storage.

This integration fosters a streamlined workflow and enhances productivity for individuals and teams. 

However, despite these advantages, Microsoft Excel will remain a powerful and widely adopted tool in various industries. Excel boasts a robust set of features, extensive formula libraries, and advanced data manipulation capabilities, making it indispensable for complex data analysis, financial modeling, and statistical calculations.

Many professionals have invested years in mastering Excel, and transitioning to a new platform like Google Spreadsheet may require significant effort and relearning.

Moreover, Excel offers greater flexibility and customization options compared to Google Spreadsheet. It allows users to create macros, build intricate formulas, and design visually appealing charts and graphs.

These advanced functionalities make Excel the preferred choice for professionals who require precise control over their data and presentation. 

All in all 

Both Google Sheets and Microsoft Office Excel offer powerful spreadsheet functionalities for different users. Google Sheets excels in collaboration, cloud accessibility, and integration with other Google apps, making it ideal for teams and remote work.

On the other hand, Microsoft Excel boasts advanced data analysis features and a long-established reputation in the business world. When making your choice between Google Sheets and Excel, consider your specific needs, budget, and preferred ecosystem.

And don’t worry if you have existing Excel files – converting them to Google Sheets is a straightforward process and vice versa. This ensures you can seamlessly transition between the two platforms. 

View More Information About Google Workspace

Related articles:

Essential Tips and Tricks to Boost Your Productivity with Google Sheets

Keyboard Shortcuts Key List & Top Formulas for Google Sheets

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